March Retail Sales Dip as Increased Payroll Taxes Erode Discretionary Budgets; Spending Likely to Rise in Second Half

April 17, 2013

  • Restrained discretionary spending likely induced by increased payroll taxes generated weaker than expected retail sales performance in March; a sharp drop off from the solid numbers posted in the prior two months. However, the coinciding downshift in the labor market and decelerating income growth lent little foundational support for consumption. The discretionary sectors most adversely affected in March included auto sales and department stores, while housing-related sectors, such as furniture stores and building materials reported increased sales, likely due to strong gains in the housing market. 

  • March retail and food sales totaled $418.3 billion, representing a -0.4 percent decrease from February, but still 2.8 percent above year-ago levels. Core retail sales, excluding autos and gasoline, flattened to -0.1 percent, and remain 2.4 percent higher on an annualized basis. Gasoline stations, electronics and appliance stores, department stores and motor vehicles reported the most significant monthly declines, ranging between -2.2 and -1.6 percent for gasoline and electronics, respectively, to -1.1 and -0.5 percent for department stores and autos, respectively. Non-store retailers and motor vehicles maintain the strongest annualized gains across categories, posting 13.5 and 7.4 percent, respectively. Conversely, department stores and electronics and appliance stores report the largest decline in revenues on an annualized basis of -7.6 and -3.2 percent, respectively.

  • Sequestration, higher taxes, an overriding theme of slower demand, and noisy threats from North Korea joined in re-igniting the familiar drumbeat of economic and geo-political uncertainty. However, rising residential construction and home sales, which are critical to the health of the consumer sector and overall economy, supported economic resilience to the persistent headwinds. The Conference Board’s index of leading indicators continues to reflect widespread improvement, notwithstanding weakness in consumer expectations and manufacturing new orders.

Impact on Commercial Real Estate

  • The deceleration in industrial production and other economic factors that influence demand for industrial properties present heightened risks for the sector’s near-term performance. Thus far, however, distribution, warehouse and manufacturing space exhibit impressive leasing and rent growth momentum, aided by low levels of supply. Vacancy is forecast to tighten by 80 basis points to 8.6 percent by year end. The long-run strength of e-commerce could contribute significant demand for centrally located distribution and warehouse facilities going forward.

  • Demand for retail space remains limited, but has managed to outpace the dearth of new supply, expected to total 55 million square feet by year end. A key factor that will support brick and mortar retail in the coming year is the passage of the Marketplace Fairness Act, which compels states to tax online retailers at a rate comparable to other retailers. This change will level the playing field by eliminating the 5 to 10 percent pricing advantage long held by online stores. Forward projections call for a further decline in vacancy to 8.6 percent by year end and effective rent growth by year end of 2.1 percent.

The Research Brief blog from Marcus & Millichap offers timely insight and expertise into the rapidly changing investment real estate industry. The Research Brief is published weekly by top industry professionals, showcasing time-sensitive information and valuable analysis. Add the Research Brief blog to your reading list today. Follow Marcus & Millichap Research Services on Twitter!

The information contained herein was obtained from sources deemed reliable. Every effort was made to obtain complete and accurate information; however, no representation, warranty or guarantee to the accuracy, express or implied, is made.

5 Comments

  1. John Doyle
    Posted April 18, 2013 at 12:40 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Please translate into retail sales per square foot of occupied space.

    Given the demolition and abandonment of retail space and the systemic vacancy, sales PSF trend provides a valuable investment benchmark

  2. Posted April 27, 2013 at 10:46 am | Permalink | Reply

    Great post. It’s good to know some quality blogs still exist now that have useful information. Thanks for sharing buddy.

  3. Posted August 6, 2013 at 6:30 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Fantastic website you have here but I was curious if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics talked about here?
    I’d really like to be a part of community where I can get opinions from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks a lot!

  4. Posted September 16, 2013 at 11:28 am | Permalink | Reply

    Great post with valuable information.

  5. Posted November 14, 2013 at 6:22 pm | Permalink | Reply

    Thhis is my first time go to see at here and i am actually pleassant to read all
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